Charmed Kubernetes on OpenStack

Charmed Kubernetes will run seamlessly on OpenStack. With the addition of the openstack-integrator, your cluster will also be able to directly use OpenStack native features.

OpenStack integrator

The openstack-integrator charm simplifies working with Charmed Kubernetes on OpenStack. Using the credentials provided to Juju, it acts as a proxy between Charmed Kubernetes and the underlying cloud, granting permissions to dynamically create, for example, Cinder volumes.

Installing

When installing Charmed Kubernetes using the Juju bundle, you can add the openstack-integrator at the same time by using the following overlay file (download it here):

description: Charmed Kubernetes overlay to add native OpenStack support.
applications:
  openstack-integrator:
    annotations:
      gui-x: "600"
      gui-y: "300"
    charm: cs:~containers/openstack-integrator
    num_units: 1
    trust: true
relations:
  - ['openstack-integrator', 'kubernetes-master:openstack']
  - ['openstack-integrator', 'kubernetes-worker:openstack']

If desired, the openstack-integrator can also replace kubeapi-load-balancer and create a native OpenStack load balancer for the Kubernetes API server, which both reduces the number of machines required and is HA. To enable this, use this overlay instead (download it here):

applications:
  kubeapi-load-balancer: null
  openstack-integrator:
    annotations:
      gui-x: "600"
      gui-y: "300"
    charm: cs:~containers/openstack-integrator
    num_units: 1
    trust: true
relations:
  - ['openstack-integrator', 'kubernetes-master:loadbalancer']
  - ['openstack-integrator', 'kubernetes-master:openstack']
  - ['openstack-integrator', 'kubernetes-worker:openstack']

Note: If you create load balancers and subsequently tear down the cluster, check with the OpenStack administration tools to make sure all the associated resources have also been released.

To use the overlay with the Charmed Kubernetes bundle, specify it during deploy like this:

juju deploy charmed-kubernetes --overlay ~/path/openstack-overlay.yaml

Then run the command to share credentials with this charm:

juju trust openstack-integrator

... and remember to fetch the configuration file!

juju scp kubernetes-master/0:config ~/.kube/config

For more configuration options and details of the permissions which the integrator uses, please see the charm readme.

Using Cinder volumes

Many pods you may wish to deploy will require storage. Although you can use any type of storage supported by Kubernetes (see the storage documentation), you also have the option to use Cinder storage volumes, if supported by your OpenStack.

A cinder storage class will be automatically created for you when the integrator is used. This storage class can then be used when creating a Persistent Volume Claim:

kubectl create -f - <<EOY
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: testclaim
spec:
  accessModes:
    - ReadWriteOnce
  resources:
    requests:
      storage: 100Mi
  storageClassName: cinder
EOY

This should finish with a confirmation. You can check the current PVCs with:

kubectl get pvc

...which should return something similar to:

NAME        STATUS   VOLUME                                     CAPACITY   ACCESS MODES   STORAGECLASS   AGE
testclaim   Bound    pvc-54a94dfa-3128-11e9-9c54-028fdae42a8c   1Gi        RWO            cinder         9s

This PVC can then be used by pods operating in the cluster. As an example, the following deploys a busybox pod:

kubectl create -f - <<EOY
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: busybox
  namespace: default
spec:
  containers:
    - image: busybox
      command:
        - sleep
        - "3600"
      imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
      name: busybox
      volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: "/pv"
          name: testvolume
  restartPolicy: Always
  volumes:
    - name: testvolume
      persistentVolumeClaim:
        claimName: testclaim
EOY

Note: If you create Cinder volumes and subsequently tear down the cluster, check with the OpenStack administration tools to make sure all the associated resources have also been released.

Using LBaaS load balancers

With the openstack-integrator charm in place, actions which invoke a loadbalancer in Kubernetes will automatically request a load balancer from OpenStack using Octavia, if available, or Neutron. This can be demonstrated with a simple application. Here we will create a simple application running in five pods:

kubectl run hello-world --replicas=5 --labels="run=load-balancer-example" --image=gcr.io/google-samples/node-hello:1.0  --port=8080

You can verify that the application and replicas have been created with:

 kubectl get deployments hello-world

Which should return output similar to:

 NAME              READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
 hello-world      5/5               5                            5             2m38s

To create a LoadBalancer, the application should now be exposed as a service:

 kubectl expose deployment hello-world --type=LoadBalancer --name=hello

To check that the service is running correctly:

kubectl get service hello

...which should return output similar to:

NAME    TYPE           CLUSTER-IP       EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)          AGE
hello   LoadBalancer   10.152.183.136   202.49.242.3  8080:32662/TCP   2m

You can see that the External IP is now in front of the five endpoints of the example deployment. You can test the ingress address:

curl  http://202.49.242.3:8080
Hello Kubernetes!

Note: If you create load balancers and subsequently tear down the cluster, check with the OpenStack administration tools to make sure all the associated resources have also been released.

Upgrading the integrator charm

The openstack-integrator is not specifically tied to the version of Charmed Kubernetes installed and may generally be upgraded at any time with the following command:

juju upgrade-charm openstack-integrator

Troubleshooting

If you have any specific problems with the openstack-integrator, you can report bugs on Launchpad.

For logs of what the charm itself believes the world to look like, you can use Juju to replay the log history for that specific unit:

juju debug-log --replay --include openstack-integrator/0

We appreciate your feedback on the documentation. You can edit this page or file a bug here.