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Published: 6 October 2023

Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. In some cases, when Gradle parses XML files, resolving XML external entities is not disabled. Combined with an Out Of Band XXE attack (OOB-XXE), just parsing XML can lead to exfiltration of local text files to a remote server. Gradle parses XML files for several purposes. Most of the time, Gradle parses XML files it generated or were already present locally. Only Ivy XML descriptors and Maven POM files can be fetched from remote repositories and parsed by Gradle. In Gradle 7.6.3 and 8.4, resolving XML external entities has been disabled for all use cases to protect against this vulnerability. Gradle will now refuse to parse XML files that have XML external entities.



Cvss 3 Severity Score


Score breakdown


Package Release Status
Launchpad, Ubuntu, Debian
bionic Needs triage

focal Needs triage

jammy Needs triage

lunar Ignored
(end of life, was needs-triage)
mantic Needs triage

trusty Ignored
(end of standard support)
upstream Needs triage

xenial Needs triage

Severity score breakdown

Parameter Value
Base score 5.3
Attack vector Network
Attack complexity High
Privileges required None
User interaction Required
Scope Unchanged
Confidentiality High
Integrity impact None
Availability impact None
Vector CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N