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CVE-2023-40030

Published: 24 August 2023

Cargo downloads a Rust project’s dependencies and compiles the project. Starting in Rust 1.60.0 and prior to 1.72, Cargo did not escape Cargo feature names when including them in the report generated by `cargo build --timings`. A malicious package included as a dependency may inject nearly arbitrary HTML here, potentially leading to cross-site scripting if the report is subsequently uploaded somewhere. The vulnerability affects users relying on dependencies from git, local paths, or alternative registries. Users who solely depend on crates.io are unaffected. Rust 1.60.0 introduced `cargo build --timings`, which produces a report of how long the different steps of the build process took. It includes lists of Cargo features for each crate. Prior to Rust 1.72, Cargo feature names were allowed to contain almost any characters (with some exceptions as used by the feature syntax), but it would produce a future incompatibility warning about them since Rust 1.49. crates.io is far more stringent about what it considers a valid feature name and has not allowed such feature names. As the feature names were included unescaped in the timings report, they could be used to inject Javascript into the page, for example with a feature name like `features = ["<img src='' onerror=alert(0)"]`. If this report were subsequently uploaded to a domain that uses credentials, the injected Javascript could access resources from the website visitor. This issue was fixed in Rust 1.72 by turning the future incompatibility warning into an error. Users should still exercise care in which package they download, by only including trusted dependencies in their projects. Please note that even with these vulnerabilities fixed, by design Cargo allows arbitrary code execution at build time thanks to build scripts and procedural macros: a malicious dependency will be able to cause damage regardless of these vulnerabilities. crates.io has server-side checks preventing this attack, and there are no packages on crates.io exploiting these vulnerabilities. crates.io users still need to excercise care in choosing their dependencies though, as remote code execution is allowed by design there as well.

Notes

AuthorNote
sbeattie
cargo in mantic was merged into rustc

Priority

Medium

Cvss 3 Severity Score

6.1

Score breakdown

Status

Package Release Status
cargo
Launchpad, Ubuntu, Debian
bionic Needs triage

focal Needs triage

jammy Needs triage

lunar Ignored
(end of life, was needs-triage)
mantic Does not exist

noble Does not exist

trusty Ignored
(end of standard support)
upstream Needs triage

xenial Needs triage

rustc
Launchpad, Ubuntu, Debian
bionic Needs triage

focal Needs triage

jammy Needs triage

lunar Ignored
(end of life, was needs-triage)
mantic Ignored
(end of life, was needs-triage)
noble Needs triage

trusty Needs triage

upstream Needs triage

xenial Needs triage

Severity score breakdown

Parameter Value
Base score 6.1
Attack vector Network
Attack complexity Low
Privileges required None
User interaction Required
Scope Changed
Confidentiality Low
Integrity impact Low
Availability impact None
Vector CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N