Monitoring

Charmed Kubernetes includes the standard Kubernetes dashboard for monitoring your cluster. However, it is often advisable to have a monitoring solution which will run whether the cluster itself is running or not. It may also be useful to integrate monitoring into existing setups.

Prometheus is the recommended way to monitor your deployment - instructions are provided below. There are also instructions for setting up other monitoring solutions, or connecting to existing monitoring setups.

Monitoring with Prometheus, Grafana, and Telegraf

The recommended way to monitor your cluster is to use a combination of Prometheus, Grafana and Telegraf. These provide a dashboard from which you can monitor both machine-level and cluster-level metrics. See the quickstart guide for more details on installing Charmed Kubernetes.

Installation

You can install Charmed Kubernetes with monitoring using the Juju bundle along with the following overlay file (download it here):

applications:
  prometheus:
    charm: cs:prometheus2
    constraints: "mem=4G root-disk=16G"
    num_units: 1
  grafana:
    charm: cs:grafana
    expose: true
    num_units: 1
  telegraf:
    charm: cs:telegraf
relations:
  - [prometheus:grafana-source, grafana:grafana-source]
  - [telegraf:prometheus-client, prometheus:target]
  - [kubernetes-master:juju-info, telegraf:juju-info]
  - [kubernetes-worker:juju-info, telegraf:juju-info]
  - [kubernetes-master:prometheus, prometheus:manual-jobs]
  - [kubernetes-master:grafana, grafana:dashboards]

To use this overlay with the Charmed Kubernetes bundle, specify it during deploy like this:

juju deploy charmed-kubernetes --overlay ~/path/monitoring-pgt-overlay.yaml

If you wish to add monitoring to an existing deployment, you can export a bundle of your current environment and then redeploy it on top of itself with the overlay:

juju export-bundle --filename mybundle.yaml
juju deploy ./mybundle.yaml --overlay ~/path/monitoring-pgt-overlay.yaml

Retrieve credentials and login

To open the dashboard in your browser you will need to know the URL and login credentials for Grafana. These can be retrieved with the following command:

juju run-action --wait grafana/0 get-login-info

This will return the connection and login information, like the following:

unit-grafana-0:
  id: a74acea6-8be9-43c1-8f1c-b1bebe9f5153
  results:
    url: http://10.4.23.162:3000
    username: admin
    password: NYZVkNb3jbMMhWhx
  status: completed
  timing:
    completed: 2019-07-29 22:00:29 +0000 UTC
    enqueued: 2019-07-29 22:00:27 +0000 UTC
    started: 2019-07-29 22:00:28 +0000 UTC
  unit: grafana/0

With that, you can visit the URL and log in using the username and password.

Once logged in, check out the cluster metric dashboard by clicking the Home drop-down box and selecting Kubernetes Metrics (via Prometheus):

grafana dashboard image

You can also check out the system metrics of the cluster by switching the drop-down box to `Node Metrics (via Telegraf):

grafana dashboard image

Monitoring with Nagios

Nagios (https://www.nagios.org/) is widely used for monitoring networks, servers and applications. Using the Nagios Remote Plugin Executor (NRPE) on each node, it can monitor your cluster with machine-level detail.

To start, deploy the latest version of the Nagios and NRPE Juju charms:

juju deploy nagios --series=bionic
juju deploy nrpe --series=bionic
juju expose nagios

Connect Nagios to NRPE:

juju add-relation nagios nrpe

Now add relations to NRPE for all the applications you wish to monitor, for example kubernetes-master, kubernetes-worker, etcd, easyrsa, and kubeapi-load-balancer.

juju add-relation nrpe kubernetes-master
juju add-relation nrpe kubernetes-worker
juju add-relation nrpe etcd
juju add-relation nrpe easyrsa
juju add-relation nrpe kubeapi-load-balancer

To connect to the Nagios server, you will need its IP address:

juju status --format yaml nagios/0 | grep public-address

The default username is nagiosadmin. The password is randomly generated at install time, and can be retrieved by running:

juju ssh nagios/0 sudo cat /var/lib/juju/nagios.passwd

![nagios dashboard image][https://assets.ubuntu.com/v1/4b109895-cdk-nagios.png]

Using an existing Nagios service

If you already have an existing Nagios installation, the nrpe charm can be configured to work with it.

juju config nrpe export_nagios_definitions=true
juju config nrpe nagios_master=<ip-address-of-nagios>

See the External Nagios section of the NRPE charm readme for more information.

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