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Published: 30 August 2023

borgbackup is an opensource, deduplicating archiver with compression and authenticated encryption. A flaw in the cryptographic authentication scheme in borgbackup allowed an attacker to fake archives and potentially indirectly cause backup data loss in the repository. The attack requires an attacker to be able to: 1. insert files (with no additional headers) into backups and 2. gain write access to the repository. This vulnerability does not disclose plaintext to the attacker, nor does it affect the authenticity of existing archives. Creating plausible fake archives may be feasible for empty or small archives, but is unlikely for large archives. The issue has been fixed in borgbackup 1.2.5. Users are advised to upgrade. Additionally to installing the fixed code, users must follow the upgrade procedure as documented in the change log. Data loss after being attacked can be avoided by reviewing the archives (timestamp and contents valid and as expected) after any "borg check --repair" and before "borg prune". There are no known workarounds for this vulnerability.



Cvss 3 Severity Score


Score breakdown


Package Release Status
Launchpad, Ubuntu, Debian
bionic Needs triage

focal Needs triage

jammy Needs triage

lunar Ignored
(end of life, was needs-triage)
mantic Ignored
(end of life, was needs-triage)
noble Needs triage

trusty Ignored
(end of standard support)
Released (1.2.5-1)
xenial Needs triage

Severity score breakdown

Parameter Value
Base score 4.7
Attack vector Local
Attack complexity High
Privileges required Low
User interaction None
Scope Unchanged
Confidentiality None
Integrity impact High
Availability impact None
Vector CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N