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Miscellaneous guides for Landscape

Contents:

Identify your Landscape version

Landscape beta versions run ahead of the Landscape SaaS version, and the Landscape SaaS version runs ahead of of self-hosted Landscape versions.

You may need to know what version of Landscape you’re running. To identify your Landscape Server and Landscape Client versions:

  • Landscape Server: Add /about to the URL of your Landscape account. For example, https://landscape-server.domain.com/about. If you’re using Landscape SaaS, the URL is https://landscape.canonical.com/about. If you’re using self-hosted Landscape, you can also run apt policy landscape-server in the command line on the server machine.
  • Landscape Client: Run apt policy landscape-client in the command line on the client machine.

Group machines together to perform a task across the group

You can use tags to manage a group of computers. To add a tag to a group of computers:

  1. Click Computers in the header
  2. Select the computers you want to tag
  3. Click Info
  4. In the Tags section, enter the tag you want to use
  5. Click Add

Upgrade all packages on a certain group of machines

Using tags, you can perform an upgrade across a group of machines. For example, if you want to upgrade all your desktop computers, you might want to use “desktop” as a tag.

Starting the upgrade:

  1. Click Computers in the header
  2. Click the desired tag from the left column. This will select only the computers associated with the selected tag.
  3. Click Packages
  4. Scroll to the bottom of the page and click Request upgrades. This will create a queued activity for upgrading the computers. You can view this activity in the Activities tab.

Activities - Upgrade pending approval

Note: While the upgrade tasks are now in the queue, they will not be executed until you approve them. To approve the tasks, click All, then click Approve.

Keep a set of machines automatically up to date

The best way is to use upgrade profiles, which rely on access groups. If an access group is already set up for the group of machines you want to keep updated automatically, click on its name. If not, you must create an access group for them:

  1. Click on your organisation’s name in the header
  2. Click Access groups
  3. Specify a title for your new access group
  4. Click Save.

You must then add computers to the access group:

  1. Click Computers in the header
  2. Select all of the machines you want to keep updated by:
    • using a tag if one exists
    • using search to find the machines
    • selecting them individually
  3. Click Info
  4. In the Access group section, select the access group you want to move the machines to
  5. Click Update access group.

Update access group

Once you’ve added machines to an access group, you’ll need to create an upgrade profile:

  1. Click on your organisation’s name in the header
  2. Click Profiles
  3. Click Upgrade Profiles
  4. Click Add upgrade profile
  5. Complete the Create an upgrade profile form, defining:
    • name
    • the upgrade settings you want to use
    • an access group
    • the schedule you want to use
  6. Click Save

Keep Landscape from upgrading a certain package on one of my servers

  1. Click Computers in the header
  2. Click Packages
  3. Use the search box at the top of the screen to find the package you want.
  4. Click the triangle on the left of the listing line of the package you want to hold, which expands the information for that package.
  5. Now click on the icon to the left of the package name. A new icon with a lock will replace the old icon, indicating that this package is to be held during upgrades.
  6. Click Apply changes

Locked packages

Create a custom graph

Suppose you want to monitor the size of the PostgreSQL database on your database servers, you may use tags to group these machines together. Now you can create a graph to provide information from all of these servers:

  1. Click on your organisation’s name in the header
  2. Click Graphs
  3. Click Add graph
  4. Complete the Create graph form. In our example, we could do something like:
    • Title: PostgreSQL database size
    • Provide a “Y-axis title” and define the machines you want the graph created for.
    • Run as user: postgres
    • Code:
      #!/bin/bash
      psql -tAc "select pg_database_size('postgres')"
      
  5. Click Save

Create custom graph

To view the graph, click Computers in the header, then click Monitoring. You can select the monitoring period from the dropdown menu at the top of the window.

Ensure all computers with a given tag have a common list of packages installed

Manage them via a package profile.

Landscape-clients with configuration management tools

If you want to manage landscape-client through a configuration management tool such as Puppet or Ansible, you can avoid getting duplicate computers by writing the /etc/landscape/client.conf and /etc/default/landscape-client files, and then restarting the landscape-client service.

In /etc/landscape/client.conf:

[client]
log_level = info url = https://landscape.canonical.com/message-system
ping_url = http://landscape.canonical.com/ping
data_path = /var/lib/landscape/client
registration_key = changeme
computer_title = my_machine
account_name = myaccount
include_manager_plugins = ScriptExecution

In /etc/default/landscape-client:

RUN=1

The advantage over calling landscape-config is that this will request a registration only if the client is not already registered against landscape-server. Be aware that some configuration options (namely computer_title, tags, access_group) are only sent to landscape-server on registration.

This page was last modified 2 months ago. Help improve this document in the forum.